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Principle Investigators

Univ. Prof. Dr. Monika Bright
Department of Marine Biologytl_files/public/priciple-investigators/uni_vienna_bright.monika.jpg

Address Department of Marine Biology
University of Vienna
Althanstr. 14
A-1090 Vienna
Phone +43 1 4277 57105
Fax +43 1 4277 9571






Short Biography

Monika Bright is Vice Head of the Department of Marine Biology at the University of Vienna, Austria. She gained her PhD in Zoology and Paleontology from the University of Vienna and then did three postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Tübingen, Germany, the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, USA and the Pennsylvania State University, USA. Since 1998 she is at the University of Vienna, where she received her venia for Marine Biology and Zoology in 2001 and was appointed full professor in 2011. Her research group studies marine microbial symbiosis from chemosynthetic envrionments and the impact of such symbiosis as foundation species on the faunal communities. The main focus is symbiont transmission and their role in the evolution of symbiosis. Her group concentrates on two model systems, the giant tubeworm Riftia pachyptila and its endosymbiont Cand. Endoriftia persephone from deep-sea hydrothermal vents and the colonial cilitiate Zoothamnium niveum and its ectosymbiont Cand. Thiobios zoothamnicoli from shallow-water mangroves. A wide range of electron and light microscopical, immunohistochemical, and molecular methods, in situ devices and high pressure flow through respirometry equipment are used.

Recent publications relevant to Symbiomics

Katz S., Klepal W. and Bright M. 2011. The Osedax trophosome: organization and ultrastructure. The Biological Bulletin 220: 128-139

Eichinger I., Klepal W., Schmid M. and Bright M. 2011. Organization and microanatomy of the Sclerolinum contortum trophosome (Polychaeta, Siboglinidae). The Biological Bulletin 220: 140-153

Schimak MP, Toenshoff ER, Bright M. 1011. Simultaneous 16S and18S rRNA fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on LR White sections demonstrated in Vestimentifera (Siboglinidae) tubeworms. Acta Histochemica.

Katz S., Klepal W., Bright M. 2010. The skin of Osedax (Siboglinidae, Annelida): An ultrastructural investigation of its epidermis. J. Morph. 271/10: 1272-1280.

Gollner S., Riemer B., Martinez Arbizu P., Le Bris N., Bright M. 2010. Diversity of meiofauna from the 9°50’N East Pacific Rise across a gradient of hydrothermal fluid emissions. PloS One 5/8: 1-14.

Gollner S., Ivanenko V.N., Martinez Arbizu P., Bright M. 2010. Advances in taxonomy, ecology, and biogeography of Dirivultidae (Copepoda) associated with chemosyntethic environments in the Deep Sea. PloS One 5/8: 1-13.

Vanreusel A., De Grotte A., Gollner S., Bright M. 2010. Ecology and biogeography of free-living nematodes associated with chemosynthetic environments in the deep sea: a review. PloS One 5/8: 1-15.

Bright M., Bulgheresi S. 2010. A complex journey: transmission of microbial symbionts. Nature Microbiology Reviews 8: 218-230 + supplement.

Bright M., Lallier F.H. 2010. The biology of vestimentiferan tubeworms. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 48: 213-266.

Pflugfelder B, Cary CC, Bright M. 2009. Dynamics of cell proliferation and apoptosis reflect different life strategies in hydrothermal vent and cold seep vestimentiferan tubeworms. Cell and Tissue Research 337: 149-165.

Rinke C, Schmitz-Esser S, Loy A, Horn M, Wagner M, Bright M. 2009. High genetic similarity between two geographically distinct strains of the sulfur-oxidizing symbiont Candidatus Thiobios zoothamnicoli. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 67/2: 229-241.

T. L. Harmer, R. D. Rotjan, A.D. Nussbaumer, M. Bright, A. W. Ng, E. G. DeChaine, C.M. Cavanaugh. 2008. Free-living tubeworm endosymbionts found at deep-sea vents. AEM 3895-3898.

Rinke C., Lee R., Katz S., Bright M. 2007. The effects of sulphide on growth and behavior of the thiotrophic Zoothamnium niveum symbiosis. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 274: 2259-2269.

Nussbaumer A.D., Fisher C.R. & M. Bright. 2006. Horizontal endosymbiont transmission in hydrothermal vent tubeworms. Nature 441: 345-348.

Desbruyeres D, Segonzac M, Bright M. 2006 Handbook of Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Fauna. 2nd edition. Denisia 18, Landesmuseum Linz, Austria, 554 pp.